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Carpinus caroliniana, the American hornbeam, is a small hardwood tree in the genus Carpinus. American hornbeam is also known as blue-beech, ironwood, musclewood and muscle beech. It is native to eastern North America, from Minnesota and southern Ontario east to Maine, and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida.

Carpinus caroliniana, American Hornbeam/Ironwood

  • Height: 25-30'. Sawtooth-edged leaves, yellow to red in fall. Prefers part to full shade. Host plant. Native plant. Attractive to pollinators.

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