Charming delicate flowers in shades of deep purple liven the shade garden. The slender flower stems rise from a mound of grey-green foliage. Butterflies and hummingbirds are attracted to Columbine, but rabbits and deer generally ignore it.
Aquilegia vulgaris, European Columbine
- Height: 12-36". Spread: 12-24". Part to full shade. Blooms in early spring. Prefers moist but well-drained soil. Deer tolerant. Attracts pollinators.